Relative Adoptions

Families are often interested in adopting a child related to them. Many of the same provisions regarding step parent adoptions under the Adoption Act also apply to relative adoptions.

  • A child aged 7 to 12 years being adopted by a relative must be interviewed in private by an authorized person. This is to find out if the child understands the meaning of adoption and has any views on the proposed adoption. The report must be filed with the court.
  • In addition to being asked to consent to the adoption, any child 12 years or older must be asked for consent to any change of name resulting from the adoption.
  • Anyone with access rights to the child must be given notice of the adoption application.
  • The Ministry of Children and Family Development does not have a role in relative adoptions. However, the Court has the authority to order the ministry to conduct a review into any aspect of the application (ie., the absence of a biological father’s consent, the child’s views).
  • The Court must consider the child’s best interests when making a determination to grant an adoption order.

Interviewing child/children between 7 and 11 years of age

  • Under the Adoption Act, a younger child must be interviewed and his/her views on the proposed adoption and name change will be submitted to the Court.
  • A social worker from CHOICES can interview the child and submit a report to the Court. Please call the office to obtain more information about this, including the current fees.

Interviewing child/children 12 years of age or older

  • If your child is 12 years of age or older his/her consent to the adoption and name change must be obtained.
  • A child can revoke their consent to the adoption at any time before the adoption order is granted.