We are currently accepting new applications for Bulgaria for children and sibling groups over 6 years of age or children with special needs.

Bulgaria has signed and ratified the Hague Convention.

CHOICES offers in-house facilitation for the Bulgaria program.

Families in most Canadian provinces are welcome to apply to CHOICES to adopt from this country.


Single parents and married couples are eligible to apply. Parents must be at least 18 years of age, and the minimum age difference between the applicants and the child to be adopted is 15 years.


The Children

Children must be at least one year of age (unless with a medical disorder or special needs) in order to be available for international adoption. At this time, CHOICES will work with families interested in adopting children over 6 years of age. Sibling groups and younger children with special needs are also available for adoption.

Children from Bulgaria usually have an olive complexion, and brown or black eyes and hair. They are usually of Bulgarian, Roma, Turkish, or Armenian descent. All children reside in orphanages or in foster care.



After completion of the homestudy, a dossier is prepared in Canada, which will constitute the official application to adopt in Bulgaria. The combined homestudy and dossier process may take several months.

2 trips are required, with approximately three to six months between trips.

It is difficult to provide a specific time frame for the adoption process as the political situation and legislation of any country is subject to change. CHOICES cannot estimate at this time how long it may take to receive a proposal.

image_bulgaria3In 2003, Bulgaria ratified the Hague Convention on Inter-Country Adoption, and created a new adoption system based strictly on the Bulgarian Family Code. The Bulgarian government requires the adoption process to be completed only by accredited Bulgarian adoption agencies. CHOICES established a professional relationship with Association “CHILDREN UNDER THE RAINBOW” which is fully licensed by the Bulgarian Ministry of Justice to operate as an intercountry adoption intermediary.

CHILDREN UNDER THE RAINBOW is a non-profit, non-governmental organization operating in a variety of welfare activities. The Association’s team of professionals has been working in the field of intercountry adoptions since 1992. Its Director is a lawyer, and his team includes lawyers, translators, psychologists, pedagogues and paediatricians.

Upon completion and approval of the homestudy, applicants will be ready to proceed with the preparation of your dossier for Bulgaria. CHOICES will provide a complete list of requirements, and will process the documents as follows:

  1. Assembling and notarizing dossier
  2. Authentication with Order In Council and Society of Notaries Public, as needed
  3. Authentication with Department of Foreign Affairs
  4. Legalization with Bulgarian Consulate in Toronto
  5. Notarization
  6. Courier to Bulgaria

Processing the dossier generally takes several weeks. Once the dossier is received in Bulgaria, it is translated and submitted to the Ministry of Justice, and applicants are officially on the wait list.

When a child is matched, applicants receive notification from CHOICES or your Provincial Ministry representatives, and are asked to review the information with an international medical specialist. If they chose to proceed with the referral, a travel date is discussed and travel preparation begins.

Applicants will be well supported by CHILDREN UNDER THE RAINBOW in Bulgaria for the duration of the trips. They will arrange hotel reservation, transportation, translation, and any other services that are required during the stays. They also ensure continued communication between CHOICES, the Ministry of Justice in Bulgaria, and any other agency as required and throughout the adoption process.

During the first trip to Bulgaria, which usually lasts approximately 5 business days, applicants will meet the Ministry Justice; the orphanage staff, director, and doctor; and of course the child. You should have the opportunity to ask many questions about the child’s health status and any other information that is available. At the end of the trip, applicants will be asked to sign the acceptance documents, which triggers the adoption process.

Upon arrival to Canada, a second set of documents is prepared for submission to court. The wait time between trips may vary, but is approximately three months to six months.

Upon receipt of the court order approving the adoption, a second trip is prepared, during which adoptive parents can take custody of the child. A new birth certificate and passport are issued and the family can now apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada for the child’s visa, and return home once it is issued.

Four post placement reports are required to be completed by a social worker once per year for four years after the adoption.

Geography Location

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey



Temperate. Cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers


Government Type

Parliamentary Democracy






7,322,858 (July 2007 est.)


Life Expectancy at Birth

Total population: 72.57 years
Male: 68.95 years
Female: 76.4 years (2007 est.)


Ethnic Groups

Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)



Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)



Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)



The official Bulgarian currency is the lev (BGL).



There is telephone, cellular phone, radio, television, and wide internet access.



Bulgaria has 4,294 km of railways, 44,033 km of roadways (of which 43,593 km are paved and this includes 333 km of expressways), 217 airports (132 with paved runways), and 4 heliports.